Sentence Definition and Structure
Definition of a Sentence
- at the door,
- the extremely intelligent girl
- was watching movies all the night
Now examine the group of words.
- The dogs bark.
- He invites me.
- Is he coming with us?
- Get out of my way!
- She refuses.
She wants to go with us.
Structure of a Complete Sentence
The Subject of a Sentence
- They are washing the clothes.
- The older man has no children.
- Saleem and Javid are fighting.
- It is raining.
- Is he going to school today?
- Where are the children?
- How stupid she is!
- What they did doesn’t matter. (It doesn’t matter what they did.)
- That he performed well in a competition is well known. (It’s well known that he performed well in a competition.)
Note: The Subject of a sentence cannot be a part of a prepositional phrase.
The Difference Between Simple and Compound Subject
Compound Subject: Rice and fried chicken are famous.
In the first sentence, the pronoun ‘I’ isn’t attached with any other subject noun or pronoun; therefore, it is a simple subject.
In the second sentence, the words rice and fried chicken are the compound subject.
The Simple and Compound Verb/Predicate
- He attempted all questions.
- Ahmad and Saleem are best friends.
- I am tired of doing this.
- The boy put the keys on the table.
- They are eating their dinner.
- Has he ever been to China?
- During the winter season, I bought two pairs of shoes.
The Direct and Indirect Object in a Sentence
An indirect object is a group of words in the object place that denotes the person or thing to whom or for whom something is given or done. Indirect objects always come between the direct object and the verb.
- They invited us. (Direct object)
- He goes to school. (Indirect Object)
- Yesterday we met with his parents.
- At the end of January, all the educational institutions were closed.
- The babies were sleeping on chairs in the room.
- The students have already prepared the presentation.
- We will sometimes go on a walk in the evening.
- A sentence can be made without an object.
I go to school.
3. A sentence that takes a direct object only.
He teaches me English.
Subject and Object Complement
- He is going to school.
- These trees were being grown for timber.
- The older man asks for help.
- Ahmad was an intelligent student.
- The flock (of birds) was flying in the sky.
In sentence 1, the noun Ahmad is the subject. The verb “was” is followed by the phrase an intelligent student, which describes the Subject, Ahmad. The phrase an intelligent student is called the subject complement.
What is Predicate Nominative And Predicate Adjective?
He is young.
In the first sentence, the noun teacher and in the second sentence, the adjective young are complements.