What Are Declarative Sentences? Definition, Structure, and Examples

Declarative Sentences! A sentence that makes a statement or states a fact is called a declarative sentence. Most sentences we write and speak are declarative. We always end a declarative sentence with a period (.). For example, “My children are living in Australia.”

If a declarative sentence expresses a strong emotion, we can also end it with an exclamation point (“!”).

Declarative Sentences Definition, Structure, and Examples

Structure of A Declarative or Assertive Sentence

Declarative sentences in English consist of a subject and predicate. The predicate part of an assertive sentence consists of simply an object or object and its complement. The object in a declarative sentence can be direct or indirect. 

Structure: Subject + Predicate

  • Example: She speaks Urdu.

This declarative sentence consists of the subject “She” and the predicate “speaks Urdu.” Since the subject is singular and the verb is conjugated according to the subject, it is also singular.

In many cases, you’ll see a declarative sentence with a singular or plural noun as its subject, which can be followed by a verb in any tense.

  • Example: The girls went into the store.

The following are some possible structures of declarative sentences.

Subject + Verb
Subject + Verb + adverbial
Subject + Verb + direct object
Subject + Verb + direct object + adverbial
Subject + Verb + indirect object + direct object
Subject + Verb + Complement
Subject + Verb + complement + adverbial

What Are Negative Declarative Sentences?

A declarative sentence can be affirmative or negative. A sentence will be called a negative declarative sentence or simply a negative sentence when the information expressed by a declarative sentence is made negative by the word never or not. 


  • I might not attend the party because I have a paper tomorrow.
  • I did not eat lunch.

Examples of Declarative or Assertive Sentences

  • Close some of the windows.
  • He is feeding the dogs.
  • They are swimming.
  • The telephone rang.
  • Everyone ran away.
  • The woman loved the child.
  • The boy hit the dog.
  • I cannot speak French.
  • He speaks too much.
  • She didn’t write a letter.
  • The children are swimming.
  • The telephone rang.
  • I stayed in my room that day.
  • Everyone sat down.
  • He lives about two hours from us.
  • I admire her courage.
  • They are fooling us.
  • He is having coffee alone.
  • He has already written his letter.
  • Give him my best wishes.
  • This can happen to anybody.

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